Childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes

Childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes

Childhood obesity has become a common epidemic over the past years. The main cause of this is the availability of fast foods and the trend of youngsters to be less active. Obesity in children may lead to type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms

If you think that your child is at risk for type 2 diabetes, you can watch the following symptoms in him.

  • High blood sugar levels: In normal cases, the level should be between 70 and 120.
  • Constantly thirsty. The children who suffer from type 2 diabetes and obesity should drink fluids continuously.
  • Frequent urination. Urinating a lot of typically than normal is the main symptom of childhood obesity and type 2 diabetes.
  • Weakness. The child with obesity and diabetes feels weak and tired
  • Changes in skin color. The skin may appear dark at the base of the neck, around the eyes, and in folds of arms.
  • Slow healing cuts, bug bites, etc.

Type 2 diabetes is most commonly found in adults. But, the increase in childhood obesity has led to risen prevalence among children because they can go for a long time without symptoms. Blood tests to measure glucose metabolism are required for an accurate diagnosis.

If a child has type 2 diabetes, the treatment plans for them may be different from one another and may depend on the severity of the disease. However, the usual goals of the treatments are to control the symptoms and to prevent several long-term health problems.

Disease prevention

Obesity is the main cause of developing type 2 diabetes in children. Therefore, the treatment methods of obesity such as a healthy diet and regular exercise will be effective in treating type 2 diabetes. Even though you can start this at any stage, the younger the patient is, the better will be the result.

Here are some suggestions for preventing obesity in children:

  • Plan a nutritious diet for the whole family by selecting sensible fats and whole-grain foods along with plenty of vegetables.
  • Set up a “three meals a day” routine and serve more frequent meals to smaller kids.
  • – Youngsters should opt for healthy snacks that include fruit and dry popcorn.
  • Discourage your children in spending time with television and computer games and try to involve them in more physical activities.
  • Increase activities in tiny ways in which, like parking far from stores and walking, using stairs instead of the elevator, and riding your bike than driving.
  • Medications and insulin should be taken in some cases and kids need to monitor their blood glucose level regularly every day.
  • Parents need to let the school know that their child has type 2 diabetes to get him proper attention at school.
  • Children may not like typical exercises. Therefore, parents can plan some games for their children such as hide-and-seek in which the whole family can participate.

The key to the prevention of childhood obesity is the change of dietary habits committing to new healthy ones. But in order to diagnose your or child health issues you should consult a doctor.

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