Pregnancy and 3 types of depression
It is not uncommon for a new mother to develop some form of depression after giving birth to a child. If she does develop this condition the degree to which she is affected by it can vary from mild to severe. There are three types of depression that a new mother may develop, and we take a closer look at each of these.
So what causes a new mother to develop depression?
Experts believe that there are quite a few factors involved in the development of this condition these include: the stress of giving birth, a stressful event occurring during birth, and hormonal changes. Hormonal imbalances cause chemical changes to occur in the brain and as a result, a new mother will experience the symptoms of depression.
These symptoms include panic, anxiety, weight loss or weight gain, fatigue, excessive or insufficient sleep, excessive eating, loss of appetite, mood changes, irritability, and suicidal thoughts. A depressed woman will not display all of these symptoms at the same time, rather she will only experience some of them.
One of the hormones responsible for causing these symptoms is the thyroid hormone. When the levels of this hormone are low depression rears its ugly head. If the new mother suffers from low levels of thyroid hormone she will be administered medication that can correct the imbalance.
Three types of depression
Now we’ll take a look at the different types of depression that affect new mothers. These include:
- Baby blues
- Postpartum psychosis
- Postpartum depression
Let’s take a look at these in a bit more detail. Baby blues are very common in new mothers it usually occurs a few days after she has given birth. This form of depression is characterized by extreme emotions, for example, the sufferer feels extremely happy or extremely sad, she may also break out into unexplainable crying. Fortunately, this type of depression is not too serious and usually resolves itself within two weeks.
Postpartum psychosis is a more serious type of depression than baby blues, fortunately, it affects less than 1% of new mothers. The symptoms of this condition include self-neglect, hallucinations, confusion, strange behavior, and illogical thoughts about the newborn child. These illogical thoughts mean the mother may be a danger to her child. If a woman develops this she will need to be treated immediately, she must also be supervised at all times in order to make sure she does not hurt herself or her baby.
Postpartum depression is also a serious form of depression. It is very common as it affects roughly 1 in 7 women. The problem with this condition is that it is very difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are very similar to the normal changes that occur during pregnancy.
In order to diagnose your mental health issues you should consult a doctor. And please, do remember one can get over all the mentioned above health problems. They just require treatment after which one gets rid of all the disturbing thoughts.